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Report: U.S. Charitable Donations Rose Last Year, But Giving to Larger Churches Dropped

Image by Mohamed Hassan/Pixabay/Creative Commons

The Banner has a subscription to republish articles from Religion News Service. This story by Bob Smietana was published on Dec. 1, 2022. The 9th and 11th paragraphs, with context for the Christian Reformed Church, have been added.

An annual report on giving to evangelical Christian nonprofits, including churches and other ministries, found that giving to the United States’ largest churches fell by more than 6.6% in 2021, despite a rise of 4% last year in charitable giving across the U.S.

New donors and large donations were especially hard to come by, according to the report.

The findings appeared in the 2022 State of Giving report, released at the end of November by the Evangelical Council for Financial Accountability, an accreditation organization that sets standards for ministries’ financial management and reporting. 

The report’s authors examined cash-giving patterns to more than 1,800 Evangelical Council members, drawn from financial statements from those nonprofits. All told, ECFA members received more than $19 billion in cash donations in 2021. They also received $11.3 billion in revenue from fees and investments and $4.7 billion worth of in-kind donations.

Many Christian groups other than churches saw increases in keeping with the overall rise in philanthropic giving, and some did far better. Donations to Christian foundations (65.8%), anti-human trafficking groups (28.9%), K-12 schools (18.3%), church planting (12.2%) and pregnancy resource centers (14.5%) saw some of the largest increases. 

Giving to Christian charities overall was up 3%, adjusted for inflation, according to the report. That tops overall charitable giving in the United States, which dropped by just under 1%, according to Giving USA data cited by ECFA.

The report also finds that giving went up by 1.8% from 2016 to 2021.

Those numbers made the decline in giving to churches (-6.6%) and youth ministry (-2.9%) all the more stark. Churches with budgets under $2 million saw giving go down by 8%, while those with budgets of more than $20 million saw giving go down by 2.5%.

For the Christian Reformed Church in North America, “based on total dollars received, there is a decrease in total church giving in both Canada and USA,” according to numbers provided by Terry Veldboom, director of finance and operations (Canada). From fiscal year 2020-2021 to 2021-2022 the giving in Canada was down 6% (from $9,103,000 to $8,556,000) and in the U.S. the giving was down 8.8% (from $18,779,000 to $17,120,000). Veldboom noted that “per the CRCNA Yearbook stats, the active professing members >18 decreased by 3.3% from 2021 to 2022.”

Many charities and churches alike struggled to find staff and volunteers.

The churches in the ECFA are larger than the average church in the United States. According to the 2020 Faith Communities Today study, which looks at congregations from a wide range of faith groups, the median congregation has a budget of $120,000, down 20% from 2010. Most congregations in the United States have budgets of less than $100,000, but because larger churches draw so many, about half of Americans (51%) attend a church where the budget is $1 million or more. 

The yearbook for the Christian Reformed Church in North America does not track budgets of member churches but does track membership and average church attendance. The average weekly church attendance (across all congregations) for 2022 is 131; the average number of active professing members over 18 is 115.

The ECFA study found that 45% of nonprofits had trouble finding enough volunteers, 53% had problems finding enough staff, 29% struggled to keep existing donors, and 63% had issues finding major donors who gave $10,000 a year or more.

More than a third (37%) tapped their reserves in 2021, while 43% left reserves untouched. Just under 1 in 5 (17%) were able to grow their reserves.

© 2022 Religion News Service

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